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We utilize the safest available anesthetic medications and techniques to provide that extra margin of safety, especially for geriatric, pediatric, or other high risk patients. Using the most modern equipment, the patient's vital signs (including blood pressure, ECG, pulse rate and character, oxygen saturation of the blood, respiratory rate, character, and end tidal CO2) are monitored during all anesthetic procedures. 


We have a technician assigned to monitor anesthesia continuously during all procedures, from the moment an animal is anesthestized until it regains consciousness, and we keep a written anesthesia record as part of each patient's medical record for future reference.  In all animals undergoing general anesthesia (with the exception of extremely short procedures), an intravenous catheter is placed to deliver i.v. fluids for the maintenance of blood pressure, and to provide instantaneous access to a vein for i.v. injections in the unlikely event of an anesthetic energency.

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